Testicular cancer is the type of cancer which starts in the testicles. Testicles are located inside the scrotum which is a kind of loose bag of skin just below the penis.
The main function of testicles is to produce male sex hormones known as sperm for reproduction.
Even if a testicular cancer has spread beyond the initial region, then also it is highly treatable. Thanks to the Medical Science!
What type of treatment will begin depends upon the stage and the exact location of the cancerous cells. Research has shown that the survival rate in this is very high.
Causes of Testicular Cancer
What has been the exact cause of testicular cancer is yet unknown. But medical science has come up with some of the risk factors which can increase the chances of getting testicular cancer. These risk factors include:
1. Exposure to toxic chemicals frequently – Toxins are believed to be the utmost cause of any type of cancer.
2. Age – Age is a primary risk factor, it has been seen that the most cases of testicular cancer occur between the ages of 15 and 40.
3. The family history of testicular cancer – people who have any of the blood member diagnosed with this type of cancer is at a high risk.
4. Abnormal testicular development is also considered as a major risk factor
5. HIV or AIDS
6. Any kind of Injury caused to the scrotum
7. Any external activity which regularly put pressure on the scrotum
Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer:
Let us have a look on some of the common signs and symptoms which are shown by people suffering from testicular cancer:
1. Any kind of change in shape or size of a testicle
People must conduct testicular self-exams regularly or at least once a month. You can also conduct the exam every time you shower. This self-exam will help you familiarize with the shape, size and the texture of your testicles. By conducting self-exam on a regular basis, you may notice if any kind of changes starts to occur. In case you do notice any significant change then we recommend you to see a doctor for proper diagnosis.
2. Swelling or Lump on both of the testes
The lump has always been a significant sign of cancer. In case you notice any sort of swelling or a lump in one or both of the testes, we recommend you to see a doctor as soon as possible. People who are diagnosed with testicular cancer have shown the signs of lump on their pair of testes. There may not be any significant pain in the scrotum region but a swelling which you can easily notice.
3. A dull pain or feeling of pressure in the groin
The pressure in the groin or some kind of abdominal pain can occur due to several possibilities. The main causes include digestive disorder, problems in musculoskeletal system or damages to reproductive or urinary systems. You may need to carry out blood or imaging tests in order to determine the exact cause of this pain.
4. A heavy feeling in the scrotum
As discussed earlier, testicular cancer results in a mass production of malignant cancerous cells which puts pressure on the scrotum.
5. Swollen lymph nodes
Cancer cells are believed to build lymph nodes in the testes before they spread to the nearby regions.
In case you notice lymph nodes in the pelvis, abdomen or other parts of the body then this may be a warning sign of testicular cancer.
Late-stage testicular cancer signs include:
1. Breast enlargement or Tenderness in the nipples
2. Lack of energy and getting sweat easily
4. Fever or a general feeling of illness
5. A headache or confusion at random moments
6. Fluid build-up in the scrotum
The best solution for early detection of testicular cancer is simple self-examination at least once a month. You can make this self-exam while having a shower.
For self-examination, gently roll each testicle between the thumb and fingers of both hands. In case you notice any kind of hard lumps or nodules there is a need to pay an immediate visit to your doctor. In case you experience any of the above sign or symptoms, do not panic. As discussed earlier, testicular cancer is highly treatable and you will be get cured of any problem in case it is present.