List of infectious diseases- Signs and Symptoms

Infectious diseases are highly contagious diseases which make an individual uncomfortable but while symptoms of some diseases subside with time others can be chronic and require lifetime treatment. Hence it is mandatory that they be detected at an early stage and treated immediately. Although all infections have their specific symptoms, some of the common ones to detect any affection are Fever, coughing, fatigue, diarrhea and muscle aches. Causes of infectious diseases are mainly bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites.

One of the easiest ways to catch these diseases is when you come in contact with an infected person or the germs can be carried forward and infects you. There are many diseases that can be caused by infection. We provide you a whole list of diseases with their symptoms and signs.

List of Infectious Diseases

First, we shall talk about those diseases that are related to skin. A rash on the skin can be very itchy and ignored easily but the list below will provide you with knowledge on how to detect these diseases.


Chickenpox is a very serious disease that can cause blisters all over the body which are very itchy. If scratched, the marks remain on the skin for a lifetime. The disease is communicable and can be spread by coughing, sneezing or contact with weeping blisters. The symptom is raging fever. Spots occur all over the body with blisters on top of each spot. It can last for an average period of 21 days.


These are itchy rashes which are caused when one comes in contact with infected skin, clothes or bedding. Their symptoms are redness of the whole body with rashes that are very itchy. It takes almost 4-6 weeks to build only if not developed before.

Head lice (nits) –

This is a condition caused when one comes in contact with an infected person’s hair. The signs of this disease are itchy scalp, especially behind the ears. Treatment may be required because of these occasional scalp infections. These infections can be developed anytime and last till they are treated.

Then, there are respiratory infections which can cause serious illness.


In this disease, there is constant sneezing and coughing. Direct contact with infected person can also stimulate this disease. The symptoms of this disease involve sudden onset of high fever, with sore throat and cough. One can also experience headache and muscle pains during the same. This disease is detected within 4 days.


This is a very common disease where one tends to have a swollen pink eye. It is usually spread when one comes in contact with the discharge of this infection or things contaminated by this discharge. The symptoms of this disease involve irritation or redness or the eye and discharge can be seen sometimes. It usually takes 2 – 10 days to develop.

Infections are very common especially today when the most used thing today is a cellphone through which bacteria and viruses spread. Prevent yourself against bacteria by staying hygienic and clean and keeping your surrounding clean too. The list provided above will guide you through all kinds of infections.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *