Respiratory Diseases: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Respiratory diseases have become very common. These diseases include pathological conditions which disturb the organs and tissues that are responsible for exchanging gas in upper organisms. It consists of situations of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing.  Millions of people are suffering from genetic or environmental built up respiratory conditions. Undoubtedly, smoking is the biggest culprit.

These diseases range from mild from severe, such as cold, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism and lung cancer, etc. Here are top respiratory conditions –

  • Asthma
  • COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Lung Cancer
  • Allergies

Symptoms of Respiratory Diseases

The symptoms of respiratory diseases may vary from one person to another. But, some symptoms are common. The primary symptoms of these diseases are breathlessness, mild or severe chest pain, cough and associated sputum creation. However, these signs are also visible when someone is suffering from anemia, and metabolic acidosis, etc. Some other symptoms are

  • Nasal congestion
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Watery rhinorrhea
  • Body aches
  • Exhaustion
  • Postnasal drip

In some severe conditions, some people experience fever, difficulty in breathing, loss of consciousness and wooziness.

When a patient has these symptoms, the physicians diagnose with a systematic approach, keeping the history, time course and severity. They perform a thorough analysis of medical signs is performed to know the condition of the patient. An important thing related to diagnosis is establishing the cause of respiratory disease. It helps the physicians to select an appropriate therapy for respiratory diseases. The physicians can recommend some checkups and examinations that are in a straight line relevant to the respiratory system.

Causes of Respiratory Diseases

Smoking cigarettes and passive smoking are the biggest reasons behind severe respiratory illnesses. However, it is not the only reason. There are many factors that can cause this health condition. Here are some common reasons behind respiratory diseases –

  • Allergies
  • Weak immune system
  • Climatic conditions
  • Extreme air pollution
  • Exposure to excess smoke and poisonous material, harsh chemicals, dust, and pollen, etc
  • Genetic reasons
  • Poor development of the lungs before birth or during childhood
  • Nutritional as well as social deficiency
  • Unwholesome lifestyle and habits
  • Bacterial, viral or fungal infections

There are many respiratory diseases that can take place due to various reasons. There is no fixed or certain reason behind these issues.

Treatment of Respiratory Diseases

Whenever these symptoms are visible, it is important to head to the physical for immediate diagnosis and medical help. Early treatment, care and attention can help a patient to recover quickly, especially in case of severe respiratory diseases. However, some mild conditions can be cured with the help of some home remedies only. The home remedies can be used with medical treatment for faster recovery. Whether it is about a mild condition or severe one, the environmental factors must be controlled to control further issues.

Contact to a specialist right away and start the treatment to restore to health quickly.

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