Blood Cell Disorders

What are Blood Cell Disorders?

Blood Cell Disorder is a condition in which there is a problem in our body cells. There are mainly three types of cells in our body which are Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells and some smaller circulating cells which are known as Platelets. These cells form in the bone marrow which is the soft tissue present inside the bones. Red Blood cells have a function of transporting oxygen to the body’s organs and tissues. White Blood Cells have a function of fighting with infections. On the other hand, platelets help blood to clot. When the problem arises in any of these cells in our body, then that condition is known as Blood cell disorder. All of these Blood Cells can greatly affect the overall health.  Have a look on various types of blood disorders and their corresponding symptoms:

Red Blood Cell Disorders

These types of disorders affect the body’s red blood cells. The Red blood cells present in the blood of our body have a function to carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Children, Adults and Old people can be affected by this disorder.

  • Anaemia: This disease comes under Red blood cell disorder which occurs when there is a lack of mineral iron in the blood. The body needs iron to produce the protein haemoglobin. Some of the types of Anemia:
  1. Sickle Cell Anemia
  2. Aplastic Anemia
  3. Iron deficiency Anaemia
  4. Pernicious Anemia
  5. Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
  • Thalassemia: This type of disorder is caused due to the genetic production. The problem arises when Red blood cells do not have that much oxygen that gets to all parts of the body. These disorders may result in:
  1. Developmental delays in children
  2. Enlarged spleen
  3. Bone deformities
  4. Heart problems
  • Polycythemia vera: This disorder is a blood cancer which is caused due to the thickness of blood in the body and thus slow down the flow of blood which may result in heart attacks or strokes.

White Blood Cells Disorders

White Blood Cells are protected our body from the outer infection. This type of disorder may affect adults as well as children.

  • Lymphoma: In our body, there is a lymphatic system in which blood cancer may rise, and White blood cells may grow out of control.
  • Leukaemia: It is a type of cancer which may arise due to the unusual addition of multiple White blood cells in the body’s bone marrow.
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS): In the bone marrow, a situation arises when the body produces so many immature cells that are known as blasts. This type of disorder may rise quite slowly or very fast.

Platelet Disorders

When we meet with any injury or an incident, first blood from that cut or from that injury is known as Blood Platelets which can be stopped by making a temporary plug. If this disorder arises then blood may have one of the three abnormalities:

  • Not enough platelets
  • Too many platelets
  • Platelets that don’t clot properly

How are Blood Cell Disorders diagnosed?

All the blood cells disorders can be diagnosed by various tests. When we go to the doctor and ask for the tests, then the results depict the count of each type of blood cell we have.

Treatment options for Blood Cell Disorders

Patient’s age, illness, and the patient’s health status are the factors on which treatment options are dependent. The doctor may use a combination of all the treatments to help blood cell disorder correctly.

  • Medication
  • Surgery

Symptoms of Blood Cell Disorders

You must notice that all the symptoms are dependent on the type of blood cell disorder.

The symptoms of Red Blood Cell Disorders are:

  • A fast heartbeat
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Shortness of breath

The symptoms of White Blood Cell Disorders are:

  • Malaise or Unwell Feeling
  • Fatigue
  • Chronic Infections
  • Unexplained weight loss

The symptoms of Platelets Disorders are:

  • Nosebleeds or Bleeding from the gums
  • Blood that doesn’t clot after an injury or cut
  • Skin that got injured easily
  • Cuts that don’t heal and take too much time to heal

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